Determining low alcohol concentrations in non-alcoholic beer
11 Nov 2016
Anton Paar has published an Application Report on the use of its Alcolyzer in determining the low levels of alcohol in non-alcoholic beer.
The maximum admissible amount of alcohol in non-alcoholic beers is an important quality control parameter. In some countries the legal limit is 0.5 % of volume (vol.- %), in some other countries even less than that.
There are several proven methods used in quality control laboratories for the determination of low alcohol concentrations in beer. One of them is the density measurement of the distillate and conversion of the density result in vol.-% of alcohol according to the OIML alcohol table. This method is applicable for alcohol concentrations from 0.8 vol.-%. Gas Chromatography is an approved analysis method for the selective determination of very low alcohol concentrations starting from 0.007 vol.-% in the headspace of non-alcoholic beer.
When comparing density measurements of the distillates and GC headspace analysis, the density-based alcohol result was always lower than the GC result. The alcohol measurement of the distillate with Near Infrared (NIR) spectroscopy with an Anton Paar Alcolyzer is as simple as density measurement. As the distillate is investigated, it is also suitable for alcohol concentrations below 0.5 vol.-%.
13 beer samples were distilled for the Report, and the distillates investigated with Alcolyzer and DMA 5000 M. The headspace analysis of the beers was performed with GC.