Optibrium and Tessella have published a paper highlighting that scientists' instincts may not always lead them to making good drug discovery decisions.
The challenges of decision making arise from the importance of multiple/conflicting criteria to the success of a potential drug molecule, the large amount of data generated and the inherent uncertainty in that data.
The study illustrates how biased decisions in drug discovery can result in scientists missing good compounds by not searching widely enough and wasting resources by clinging to ideas that should be dismissed.
The paper, 'Overcoming Psychological Barriers to Good Discovery Decisions', is published in Drug Discovery Today (2010) Volume 15, Numbers 13/14_July 2010.
It identifies that while company rules, processes and systems seek to foster objectivity, common biases in decision making may hinder achievement of best possible performance.
The paper demonstrates how better individual and team decision making within drug discovery would enhance research and development performance.
Feedback on problem-solving performance could be one of the simplest measures to improve selection of compounds and effective screening sequences.
The study also highlights that computational tools provide a more scientific approach that encourages objective consideration of all of the available information, helping scientists make decisions that are both balanced and rational, in the domains of library design, compound selection, screening, profiling and experimental design.
Drug discovery leaders receive much conflicting advice on possible ways to improve productivity and restore the rate of successful drug launches.
Continuing technology investment, outsourcing of shared services and formation of smaller, disease-specific units, which bring researchers closer to clinicians, are all current trends.
However, senior management cannot afford to ignore the human dimension.
Dr Andrew Chadwick, principal consultant, Tessella, explains: 'Past experience shows that many practical researchers remain baffled or confused by probabilistic models and so shy away from formal decision analysis.
'Yet reliance on gut instinct tends to lead to consistent patterns of mistakes.
'Discovery groups need to define and encourage best practice to conduct projects in a way that captures wider company and industry experience.
'There is a need to make this as simple and accessible as possible via a more scientific approach,' he added.
Good decision making is central to drug discovery success and the paper demonstrates that the interactive software platform, Stardrop from Optibrium, can help drug discovery scientists to guide their scientific judgment to make decisions with greater success, according to Optibrium.
Dr Matthew Segall, chief executive of Optibrium, said: 'Stardrop can help drug discovery scientists to guide their decisions while designing and prioritising molecules with the aim of achieving an optimal balance of properties.
'The probabilistic scoring approach, employed by the Stardrop software platform to guide compound selection decisions in drug discovery, indicates the likelihood of success of a compound against a set of property criteria, given the available property data for that compound and taking into account the underlying uncertainty in the data,' he added.
The software provides a decision-making framework, offering advantages over traditional predictive modelling platforms as it specifically helps users to identify chemistries with a high chance of success and focus expensive in-house resources.
Used by pharmaceutical and biotech companies and research establishments, Stardrop guides compound selection and design decisions in all stages of drug discovery.
The software provides a comprehensive range of features to support design and prioritisation of high-quality compounds including: probabilistic scoring; chemical space and glowing molecule visualisation; ADME QSAR models; P450 metabolism models and automatic model building.